Ulichnye Familii among Doukhobors of the Caucasus and Canada
PDF (English)

Keywords

Doukhobor
Russia
Caucasus
Canada
ulichnye familii
surnames
folk custom

Abstract

Ulichnye Familii among Doukhobors of the Caucasus and Canada

A longstanding folk tradition among rural Russian peasants, ulichnye familii (‘street surnames’) were used by Doukhobors colloquially ‘on the street’ of a village to distinguish among families sharing the same official surname. Similar to Quebecois dit names and Scottish sept names, ulichnye familii arose because of the low surname stock within Doukhobor society. Passed down to succeeding generations and transferred between settlements, these names became a recognized form of address among Doukhobors, helping structure kinship networks and organize social interactions among villagers. When a large contingent of Doukhobors emigrated from the Caucasus to the Canadian prairies in 1899, they continued this naming practice in their settlements well into the early 20th century. A ubiquitous part of their culture for generations, today ulichnye familii have all but disappeared among Doukhobors, as a result of their assimilation, dispersal and modernization. This article offers an analysis of the Doukhobor anthroponymic custom of ulichnye familii: the social factors leading to their adoption; the etymological processes through which these names were formed; the manner in which they were used and transmitted; and the elements contributing to their eventual decline and disuse. It also includes an inventory of extant ulichnye familii among the Doukhobors of the Caucasus and Canada, obtained through extensive field interviews and archival research.

 

https://doi.org/10.17651/ONOMAST.63.5
PDF (English)

References

Agafonov, I.S. (16.12.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Gyurdzhev (Agafonov) name. Minsk, Belarus.

Atamanov, F.A. (01.08.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Atamanov (Golubov) name. Novograd-Volinsky, Ukraine.

Barnes, A. (13.01.2019). Correspondence with the author re: Nestorov (Ozerov / Kinyakin) name. Sundre, Alberta, Canada.

Bondoreff, J.I. (1984). Ospennia “Dug-out” Hut Village 1899–1904. Bridging the Years: Era of Blaine Lake and District 1790–1980 (pp. 22–24). Blaine Lake: Town of Blaine Lake and Rural Municipality of Blaine Lake #434.

Brandon Daily Sun (02.10.1939). New Deal for Doukhobors (p. 12). Brandon, Manitoba, Canada.

Chernoff, W. (08.07.2017). Interview with the author re: Tolstukhin (Chernov) name. Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.

Chernoff, F.F. (15.08.2008). Correspondence with the author re: Nikolenkov and Mikheev (Chernov) names. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Chutskov, V.M. (22.03.2002). Correspondence with the author re: Semin and Prudnisky (Chuts kov) names. Tbilisi, Georgia.

Denisoff, N.J. (01.08.2006). Interview with the author re: Denisov (Chernenkov) name. Glade, British Columbia, Canada.

Goncharov, F. (04.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Skvortsov (Goncharov) name. Gyumri, Armenia.

Goncharova, L.N. (18.04.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Gorelovka names. Mirnyy, Russia.

Goncharova, L.N. (2012). Malaya Sibir’ — Dukhoboriya. Bryansk.

Goncharova, L. (16.05.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Maksimushkin (Markin / Savenkov) name. Yessentuki, Russia.

Gor’kova, P. (30.08.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Tikhonov (Tarasov) and Kovalev (Tarasov) names. Dubovka, Russia.

Gubanova, M. (04.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Zaichikov (Tolmchaev) and Abrashin (Kalmykov / Astafurov) names. Tsvetochnoye, Russia.

Inikova, S.A. (2003). Tsena ‘Tsarstva Bozh’ego’ na Molochnykh Vodakh (1802–1841). Religiovedenie (No. 3). Blagoveshchensk: Izd. AmGU.

Kanigan, V. (15.06.2002). Correspondence with the author re: Telegin (Novokshonov) name. Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada.

Kalmakoff, M.S. (15.06.2007). Interview with the author re: Buchanan names. Canora, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Kalmakoff, N.N. (1976). Kalmakoff Family History. Canora, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Kalmakoff, S.S. (1972). Correspondence with J.A. Kalmakoff re: Novo-Gorelovka Kalmykov names. Vernon, British Columbia, Canada.

Kalmykov, F.V. (01.03.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Novo-Gorelovka names. Novo-Blagodarnoye, Russia.

Kalmykov, Y. (12.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Kolobkov and Mairamov (Kalmykov) names. Moscow, Russia.

Kalmykova, L. (09.11.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Lunin and Mavrin (Kalmykov) names. Tula, Russia.

Kalmykova, P. (21.06.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Gorelovka, Spasovka, Orlovka and Efremovka Kalmykov names. Arkhangel’skoye, Russia.

Karnitsky, P.N. (1988). Karnitsky, Polly N. Spinning Stories: A Woven History, Kamsack, Togo, Veregin, Runnymede, Cote (pp. 509–510). Kamsack: Kamsack History Book Committee.

Konkin, J. (01.08.2014). Correspondence with the author re: Korovin (Filippov) name. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Krasnikova, E. (05.02.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Efremovka names. Kommayak, Russia).

Krasnikova, T. (05.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Spasovka and Gorelovka names. Arkhangel’skoye, Russia.

Kuchin, V.V. (17.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Tselinsky names. Rostov-na-Donu, Russia.

Langham & District History Book Committee (2007). Langham & District History, 1907–2007. Langham, Saskatchewan.

Lapshinoff, S. (12.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Slepoff (Antifaeff) name. Crescent Valley, British Columbia, Canada.

Library & Archives Canada. 1901 Census of Canada. Microfilm Reel Nos. T-6431, T-6432, T-6434, T-6552-T6554.

Library & Archives Canada. Department of the Interior Papers. Record Group 15, Volumes 754758, File 494483; Volumes 1163-1168, Files 5391335, 5404640-5404692, 5412425-5412501, 5412973. Library & Archives Canada. Ship Passenger Lists, 1865–1922. Microfilm Reel Nos. C-4519, C-4542, C-4784, C-7341, T-481–T-486, T-494, T-497, T-498, T-505, T-513, T-518, T-4692, T-4699, T-4721, T-4738, T-4741, T-4744, T-4745, T-4768, T-4769, T-4774–T-4779, T-4783–T-4785, T-4787–T-4790, T-4794, T-4795, T-4823, T-14715, T-14729, T-14734, T-14746, T-14801, T-14811, T-14815, T-14816, T-14825, T-14826, T-14829, T-14931, T-15160, T-15224.

Lupina, Y. (04.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Soldatov (Kurbatov) name. Cherkessk, Russia.

Makaseev, N. (05.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Tatosov (Makaseev) name. Anapa, Russia.

Makaseeva, O. (25.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Tatosov (Makaseev) name. Moscow, Russia.

Makhonin, M.A. (01.11.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Gorelovka and Spasovka names. Sevastopol, Russia

Makortoff, F.F. (28.03.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Suropov (Makhortov) name. Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada.

Maloff, P.N. (1948). Dukhobortsy: Ikh istoriia, zhizn i bor’ba (North Kildonan, Manitoba: J. Regehr.

Markina, T. (19.12.2012). Correspondence with the author re: Gorelovka names. Tyumen Russia.

National Archives of Armenia. Fond 133, Opis 1, Delo 3063 and 3123.

Oslopova, T. (30.12.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Oslopov names. Tula, Russia.

Pas’ko, M.V. (29.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Strelkov (Popov) name. Zernograd, Russia.

Pereverzeva, N. (17.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Tselinsky names. Rostov-na-Donu, Russia.

Petroff, S.J. (19.12.2002). Interview with the author re: Buchanan names. Canora, Saskatchewan, Canada. Pirogov, N. (25.10.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Vasil’chikov (Trofimenkov) name. Cambodia.

Popoff, E.A. (15.06.1999). Correspondence with the author re: Doukhobor names. Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada.

Popoff, E.A. (1956). Rasskazy iz Istorii Dukhobortsev. Grand Forks, British Columbia: Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ.

Popoff, E.A. (14.01.2018). Interview with the author re: Doukhobor ulichnye familii. Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada.

Popoff, E.A. (2008). A Turbulent Century of Transition. USCC Youth Festival Booklet (Brilliant, Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ).

Popova, A. (15.06.2002). Correspondence with the author re: Dmanisi names. Moscow, Russia.

Popov, A.S. (2006). Autobiography of a Siberian Exile. E.A. Popoff (Trans.) (Kelowna, British Columbia. Popove, M. (15.07.2017). Interview with the author re: Vakulikh (Strelyaev) name. Pass Creek, British Columbia, Canada.

Postnikoff, T.G. (1982). Childhood Recollections. Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan.

Rasskazova, N. (08.10.2016). Correspondence with the author re: Slavyanka names. Kochubeevskoye, Russia.

Reibin, S.F. (1955). Toil and Peaceful Life. Sacramento, California. Saskatchewan Archives Board. Census of Independent Doukhobors, Microfilm Reel No. R-2.46.

Semenoff, J.J. (01.07.2005). Correspondence with the author re: Golubenkov (Golubov) name. Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada.

Shaido, T. (25.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Novo-Gorelovka names. Vitebsk, Belarus.

Sherstobitov, Y.A. (22.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Efremovka names. St. Petersburg, Russia.

Shukin, H.P. (15.06.2001). Interview with the author re: Havrushin (Shukin) and Kurnosov names. Kamsack, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Slastukhin, V. (01.05.2016). Correspondence with the author re: Gorelovka names. Gorelovka, Georgia.

Soukeroff, J. (11.01.2019). Correspondence with the author re: Maximov name. Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada.

State Archives of the Azerbaijan Republic. Fond 10, Opis 32, Delo 10; Fond 43, Opis 2, Delo 7179 and 7352.

State Archives of Odessa Oblast. Fond 1, Opis 219, Delo 3; Opis 151, Delo 77; Opis 152, Delo 16; Opis 153, Delo 9; Opis 154, Delo 23; Opis 166, Delo 32.

State Historical Archives of Georgia. Fond 254, Opis 2, Delo 2091; Opis 2, Delo 338; Opis 3, Delo 276; Opis 3, Delo 118, 123, 189, 191, 275, 276; Opis 3, Delo 1541, 1559, 1617, 1865, 1866, 1888, 1893, 1889, 1892.

Sukharev, N. (08.02.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Tselina names. Vasil’evka, Russia. Sukhorukova, P. (04.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Mysin, Chuparov (Goncharov) and Aglichanov (Sukhorukov) names. Bryan’sk, Russia.

Sukhorukov, A. (10.11.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Sukhorukov names. Zheleznovodsk, Russia.

Sukhorukov, B. (01.11.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Migralev (Sukhorukov) name. Belgorod, Russia.

Sukhorukov, V. (07.11.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Fedin (Sukhorukov) name. Tyumen, Russia.

Sulerzhitskii, L.A. (1982). To America with the Doukhobors M. Kalmakoff (Trans.). Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina.

Swetlow, S.C. (15.08.1998). Correspondence with the author re: Lunin (Svetlichnev) name. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Tamilin, A. (13.01.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Dudkov and Trusikov (Tamilin) names. Tambov, Russia.

Terletsky, V.I. (1911). Sekta Dukhoborov’. M.A. Kal’nev (red.). Russkie Sektanty, ix uchenie, kul’t i sposevy propagandy. Odessa: E.I. Fesenko.

Vanin, J.G. and Strukoff, W.P. (1988). Doukhobor Villages. History Coming Alive: R.M. of St. Philips, Pelly and District, (pp. 10–12, Vol. 1). Pelly: St. Philips, Pelly and District History Book Committee.

Vasilenkova, S. (07.01.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Novo-Spasovka names. Kurganinsk, Russia.

Verigin, M.M. (22.07.2005). Interview with the author re: Barchukov (Kolesnikov) name. Cowley, Alberta, Canada. Vyshlova, T. (10.10.2017). Correspondence with the author re: Gryakov and Aseev (Goncharov) names. Novopetrovsky, Russia.

Wasilenkoff, M. (24.03.2018). Correspondence with the author re: Vakulikh (Strelyaev) and Suropov (Makhortov) names. Pass Creek, British Columbia, Canada.

Zybin, V.V. (1964). ‘Ispoved’ Starika Dukhobortsa: Vospominaniya o Pereselenii Dukhobortsev v Kanadu. Saskatchewan Archives Board, J.A. Popoff Fonds, S-A 562).